1900 Census — 1900 U.S. Census
Welcome to 1900census.com
This site is all about the 1900 U.S. Federal Census. The 1900 Census was the twelfth census conducted of the United States population. A similar enumeration has been conducted every decade since the first one in 1790 as called for by the U.S. Constitution.
Anyone conducting family history research for people alive on June 1, 1900 will find that the 1900 census is among the most valuable of all the U.S. Census ever taken. This is especially true since the destruction of the 1890 census leaves many genealogists with a 20 year gap during a period of heavy immigration.
Elsewhere in the Spring/Summer of 1900, the second modern Olympics were held in Paris, France. Among the competitors were 55 Americans whose strong performance dominated the sprints and field events. In China, the government was busy responding to the Boxer Rebellion. And in Germany, a new form of transportation recorded its first — Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin's hydrogen-filled airship successfully completed its maiden voyage in Friedrichshafen.
The 1900 census was taken at the dawn of a new millennia. It was an exciting time in the United States and the opportunities were available to all, regardless of ethnicity. The U.S. population according to the 1900 census was 76,212,168 and enumerators had just one month to complete the census which had an official enumeration date of June 1st, 1900.
William McKinley was the President of the United States on June 1, 1900 and there were 45 states in the Union, with individual state boundaries appearing very close to those with which we are familiar today, more than 100 years later.
Questions Asked for the 1900 Census
- The 1900 census schedules provide the name of each person in the household
- Relationship to the head of the household
- Color or race
- Month and year of birth
- Age at last birthday
- Marital status; the number of years married
- The total number of children born of the mother
- The number of those children living
- Places of birth of each individual and the parents of each individual
- If the individual was foreign born
- The year of immigration and the number of years in the United States
- Citizenship status of foreign-born individuals over age twenty-one
- Whether the person could read, write, and speak English
- Whether the home was owned or rented
- Whether the home was on a farm; and whether the home was mortgaged
Other Useful Sites for Genealogy
As you conduct your family history research, you will quickly realize that no one source can answer all your questions. This is true for original source material, physical archives, and those archives that have been digitized and transcribed for searching via the Internet.
While this site is focused on 1900 census and Census Records, there are a host of other record types and Web sites that may be of interest. Here are some of our favorites:
¤ LDS Church (the Mormon Church)
¤ Genealogy 101 Tips for Beginners & Free forms
¤ Ellis Island (The Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation)
¤ American Immigrant Wall of Honor at Ellis Island
¤ Google Your Family Tree - Award Winning Book by Dan Lynch
¤ 1920 Census - free details for researching 1920 census records
¤ 1930 Census - free details for researching 1930 census records
¤ 1940 Census - countdown to the 1940 census availability
¤ Vital Records tips at Genealogy Worldwide
¤ New York Passenger Lists, detail about the Port of NY
¤ SteveMorse.org (One Step Search Tools)
¤ Castle Garden
¤ APG (Assoc. of Professional Genealogists)
¤ Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter (by Dick Eastman)
¤ NY Arrivals searcing NY passenger arrivals
If you know of other free sites that are particularly helpful, please contact us.